JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY
HISTORY OF SCIENCE
Please follow the journal style as far as possible. If you will be good enough to do this, our copy-editor will be happy to do the fine tuning. The following guidelines may help, but often the easiest way of learning our style is to get a past issue and imitate what you find there.
Articles should be e-mailed as an attachment in Word for Windows format.
For Journal for the History of Astronomy send to Michael Hoskin at firstname.lastname@example.org.
For History of Science send to
Iwan Rhys Morus at email@example.com.
Large files should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The first line should be full out left, but following paragraphs should be indented.
Quotations (short) should be within double quotes, with the concluding punctuation for the complete sentence normally outside the concluding quotes. The exception is a quotation introduced by a colon, which should have the final stop before the final quotes.
Terms of art that are not true quotations should be within single quotes.
Quotations (long) should be displayed, with double indentation on the left (only), without quotes.
Quotations within quotations are in single quotes.
References in the text should always have a new superscript number (and only one); that is, give each reference its single new number, never repeating an old number or using two numbers in the same place. Note therefore that the style "Smith (1999)" is not acceptable.
Spell out centuries in full. "In the ninth century" but "In the ninth-century monasteries".
Dates: 10 September 1999 (unless astronomical: 1999 Sept 10).
Dr Mr Rd (etc) without a stop because the final letter of the abbreviation is the final letter of the full word; but Prof. (etc) with a stop.
Dates before Christ have B.C. following them; dates after Christ are preceded by A.D. Abbreviate thus: 1635-38
Cite titles of articles, journals and books WITH AS FEW CAPITALS AS POSSIBLE. Cite journals in full, never abbreviated. Give volume numbers in lower-case roman numerals followed by the year in parentheses. Give for each article etc. the first and the last page number. If you wish to cite a particular page, you may then do so. Thus:
John Smith, "Science today", History of science, xv (1980), 23-46, p. 30.
John Smith, Medieval science (London, 1999), 30.
Inessential information, especially place and date but also numbers of volumes etc, goes inside the parentheses; the essential information goes outside the parentheses.
In the case of newspapers etc. that are classed by date rather than volume, cite thus:
English mechanic, 10 July 1880, 25.
Do not cite publishers in the references.
Give pairs of numbers up to 99 in full [44-49], but abbreviate the closing page number as far as possible: 233-7. However, numbers that are 'teens should always have the pair of digits: 214-18, not 214-8.
Back references should always cite the earlier ref. where the full details can be found, and should be in whichever of the following forms is the more convenient:
Smith, Medieval science (ref. 24), 13.
Smith, op. cit. (ref. 24), 13.
Sun, Moon, Earth if treated as astronomical bodies; sun, moon, earth if essentially appearances in the sky.
Use English spelling as given in the Oxford dictionaries. The Oxford style is to use z rather than s in words like "realize".
Thank you for being careful in following these conventions, which will greatly ease the progress of your work through the press. We shall normally send you a pdf file electronically, which you may care to print out and mark up with corrections.
Images can be mailed to the address below or sent as an attachment to email@example.com. Photographs should be greyscale Tiff or Photoshop PSD files at 300ppi. If the image is a lot larger than the print size then 200ppi is good enough.
Line drawings should be sent as a bitmap file at 600ppi.
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